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Church History

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Jesus calls the Apostles and begins his ministry
Jesus is crucified, raises 3 days later, and appears to all the apostles and 500 other people for the next 40 days until he ascends to heaven.

Apostolic Age 
Day of Pentecost
Jewish Christians worshiped in the Temple. As the Jewish sect grew, the Jewish authority began to resist it.

Stephen taught and debated in synagogues and was then tried before the Sanhedrin and stoned (Acts 6, 7, 8)
Simon Magus is baptized by Philip and later begins teaching heresies.  He is confronted by Peter in Acts 8:9-24 and is later described by Post Apostolic teachers of the one who started the Gnostic movement.
Conversion of Saul the Pharisee and his exile until returning as Paul The Apostle (Acts 9).
"The Way" is the earliest of uniform documents detailing the Jewish Christian faith (Acts 9:2; 19:9; 19:23)
Ignatius of Antioch is born and according to tradition he was one of the children that sat in Jesus' lap.
Flavius Josephus is born

Jewish Christians were first called "Christian" in Antioch (Acts 11:26).
James Alpheus
James Alpheus was brutally martyred by Pharisees.

Conversion of Roman centurion Cornelius of Caesarea Maritima (Acts 10)
James son of Zebedee and brother of John The Apostle was executed (Acts 12:1-2) by Herod Agrippa

The Council of Jerusalem (Acts 15)
A Jewish tax was imposed on the Christian sect.
Jews were expelled from Rome due to Jewish - Christian conflict.

Philip went to Heliopolis, where he was scourged, thrown into prison, and crucified.

James, brother of Jesus is martyred.
Heavy Roman persecution of Christians begins by Emperor Nero and blames Christians for the fire in Rome.
Paul and Peter were executed around this time.  Bartholomew was most likely martyred in Armenia

The 1st Jewish Revolt in Rome.  Jewish Christians fled to Pella in the Decapolis.
Andrew was executed in Greece.
Ignatius is chosen as bishop of Antioch by Peter before his death around 64AD

Polycarp is born around 69-70AD
Rome destroys Jerusalem
Papias becomes a disciple of John

The Sanhedrin reformed in Jamnia and convened the Council of Jamnia.  Jewish Christians were banned from worshiping in synagogues,
John The Apostle wrote Revelations and soon passed away. Matthew The Apostle by tradition is martyred in Ethiopia.  Thomas was martyred in either India or Persia. Jude (Thaddeus) was martyred in Edessa.  Simon the Zealot was executed in England.
Mara Bar Serapion writes a letter to his son which states the historical reality of Jesus
Polycarp  becomes a disciple of John The Evangelist.
Persia or India

Post Apostolic and Apologist Age

Marcion of Sinope is born
Clement of Rome becomes the leader of the church in Rome.
Menander, disciple of Simon Magus, developed his own version of Gnostic teachings called Menandrianism.

The Jewish Council of Jamnia

Clement of Rome writes Clement 1
Flavius Josephus writes about Jewish History and records Jesus as a historic person.
Shepherd of Hermas is written
Justin Martyr is born around 100AD
Cerinthus began teaching an early Gnostic tradition
Dionysius, Bishop of Corinth is born

Ignatius of Antioch is martyred
The 2nd Jewish Revolt
The Didache is written by an unknown author
Pliny the Younger,  Suetonius, and Tacitus make statements in their letters validating the Christian teachings.
Hegesippus is born

Papias of Hierapolis dies
The Epistle of Barnabas is written by an unknown author
Polycarp writes to the Philippians church.
Quadratus of Athens writes to the Roman Emperor where he states that those who have been healed by the Apostles and raised from the dead were 'currently present'.
Aristides writes a letter to the Roman Emperor called The Apology of Aristides
Irenaeus of Lyons is born 
The Bar Kokhba revolt
Basilides begins teaching his version of Gnosticism

Marcion excommunication due to his denial of the deity of Jesus and rejection of the Old Testament.  He leaves Rome and goes to Asia Minor where he founds the Marcionite Sect and teaches Marcionism which contributes to Gnosticism.
Valentinus begins teaching his version of Gnosticism
Irenaeus of Lyons is directly influenced by Polycarp.
Pantaenus is born.

Polycarp of Smyra is martyred in the Colosseum in Rome
Justin Martyr writes The First Apology
Tatian becomes a student of Justin Martyr

Marcion dies
Tatian authors the Diatessaron
Montanus, a Roman Priest of Apollo, claimed to have converted to Christianity and was a new Prophet of God.  With him were two female Prophetesses, Prisca (sometimes called Priscilla), and Maximilla. Montanism is founded.
Lucian of Samosata writes sarcastic writings about Christianity and indirectly validate early Christian life and teachings.
Julius Africanus is born.

Justin Martyr dies
Tatian diverges from Justin Martyr and forms the Encratite sect and contribute to Gnostic teachings.

The Muratorian Canon is written. An early list of the bible canon.
The Melito Canon
Dionysius, Bishop of Corinth dies.
Theophilus becomes bishop of Antioch and writes against Hermogenes and Marcion's teachings.
Hippolytus of Rome is born
Pantaenus is the teacher at the school in Alexandria

The Persecution in Lyon

Irenaeus of Lyons writes Against Heresies 
Hegesippus dies
Theophilus of Antioch dies

Hippolytus of Rome is discipled by Irenaeus of Lyons
Pantaenus was a firm supporter of Serapion, the Patriarch of Antioch; against Gnosticism.  He also discipled Clement of Alexandria.
The Anonymous Anti-Montanist document is written which is later quoted by Eusebius but the authors name is not given.

Irenaeus of Lyons dies
Hippolytus writes Refutation of All Heresies
Pantaenus dies 
Novatian is born 
Origen of Alexandria hears Hippolytus preach.
Tertullian dies
Hippolytus of Rome dies

Julius Africanus dies
Roman Emporer Maximinus Thrax begins hunting and persecuting Christian leaders and teachers.
The Novatian Controversy grows as the church tries to decided about those who denounce their faith under Roman persecution. 

Age of Nicene Church Teachers

Novatian becomes an anti-pope but was later excommunicate and not too long after dies
Origen dies
Cyprian dies
Lactantius is born.

Edict of the tolerance of Christians

Manichaens teachings condemned.

303 AD
"The Great Persecution" by Emperor Diocletian.
Esuebius writes Church History

311 AD
The Edict of Milan by Emperor Constantine officially recognized Christianity
Lactantius is the adviser to Constantine and tutors his son.

Arius' teachings condemned at Alexandria

First Council of Nicaea takes place and formulates The Nicaea Creed 
Lactantius dies

Athanatius becomes bishop of Alexandria

Emperor Constantine commissioned Eusebius to deliver fifty Bibles for the Church of Constantinople

Arius dies

Eusebius dies

Zoroastrian Shapur II orders the persecution of all Christians in the Persian Empire.

Athanatius formalizes the New Testament known as The Athanasius' Canon

Post Nicene Church Teachers

Hilary dies
Athanatius of Alexandria dies

Apollinaris' teachers are condemned in Rome
Basil dies

First Council of Constantinople addresses and condemns Arianism and Apollinarinism. The Athanasian Creed  is adopted.

Gregory of Nazianzus dies
Gregory of Nyssa dies

Augustine becomes bishop of Hippo
Ambrose dies
John Chrysostom becomes bishop of Constantinople

Augustine writes Confessions
Jerome translates the Vulgate Bible
John Chrysostom dies

Jerome dies
Augustine writes City of God
Theodore of Mopsuestia dies
Augustine dies
The Council of Ephesus addresses and condemns Nestorianism and Pelagianism.  The Nicene Creed is also affirmed.

Cyril dies

The Council of Chalcedon address the nature of Christ and condemns Monophyistism
Vandals sack Rome

Vandals persecute Christians

Reformation Day (October 31st)

Survey of Christian African Descent to African Americans Today 

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